NaNoWriMo stands for National Novel Writing Month. It usually occurs in November, but since last year, the team behind NaNoWriMo have begun holding writing months in the summer as well. This year, NaNoWriMo is happening in June, August, and November.
NaNoWriMo requires one to write 50,000 words of fiction in one month. I believe Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury is about that length. It is a very difficult climb, at least for me. I have participated twice already, not counting this month, and I have not completed the challenge once.
This activity lowers your expectations of yourself–instead of requiring yourself to write “bestseller material”, you aim for “will not make readers vomit”. However, I’ve discovered, this doesn’t lower the quality of writing produced significantly.
I would recommend it for any writers. It is fun, and perhaps you can learn something along the way. At any rate, you will get bragging rights at the end. For more information, go to campnanowrimo.org.
Word count so far: 3, 300
Code (don’t mind this, this is for a blog directory): 5QNANJGJR8UY
So you’ve got your protagonist. And your antagonist. And your protagonist’s best friend. And your protagonist’s girlfriend. And your protagonist’s best friend’s girlfriend. And your protagonist’s best friend’s girlfriend’s cat. And your antagonist’s brother. And your antagonist’ brother’s girlfriend… You get the idea.
Do you really need 99 different characters, most who only play a tiny part in one scene, all who must be tracked throughout revisions with “Did I change that eye color/hair color/name/spelling/age/gender etc.?!!?”
No. Your story needs maybe a handful of characters who the reader will care about, characters who will earn the reader’s love or hatred, who will enrich the story from start to finish and enthrall readers.
An example of this unfortunate occurrence is the bestselling Warriors series, which is about wild cats. Don’t get me wrong, I love these books. But there are way too many characters–around sixty is my estimate. There’s an important character whose eye color changes three times throughout the books. There’s a minor character who changes from male to female. Um, okay, but I’m pretty sure sex reassignment surgery hasn’t been developed for cats yet.
You will think of new characters all the time. That doesn’t mean they’re automatically the next big thing that will spice up your story. Before letting them join in, make sure they belong there.
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“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness. . . “
“It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife.”
“Call me Ishmael.”
All of the above are fantastic beginnings from classic novels. They create a tone that sets the rest of the story and grab readers’ attention.
The most important part of a piece is the beginning. If you don’t hook a reader in the beginning, he won’t read the rest of your writing.
You must be compelling.
What is compelling?
What isn’t compelling?
- Pointless chatter
Give your readers a reason to enter your world, and more importantly, to stay.
Also–begin by showing, not telling. Open with dialogue and action.
Don’t tell the reader what’s behind the door. Open the door and draw him in.
Do NOT. Start. Off. With. A. Physical. Appearance. Or. Name.
Because maybe you decide your protagonist’s name has to be Jonathan. But every single Jonathan you’ve ever known is short-tempered. Or maybe your antagonist has red hair. And every red-haired person you’ve ever met is generous. The generalizations you’ve built up will affect your characters.
Start, instead, by giving them a need or a problem. What does he or she want? Love, courage, confidence, a high school diploma? What does he or she want to avoid? Pain, humiliation, poverty, spiders? Many good plots involve the protagonist overcoming the thing he wants to avoid to gain the thing he wants most.
Make your character suffer. Instead of spraining his ankle, break it. Instead of having the evil stepmother give in and let Cinderella go to the ball at the last second, have her lock Cinderella in the attic and throw the key down a cliff.
Here are a list of questions you can use to develop a character: (male gender as default)
- What is the gender?
- What is the setting?
- Who is the enemy?
- Who helps the character with his problems?
- How did the character make the enemy?
- What is the one thing the character would do anything to avoid? How does he avoid it?
- What is the one thing the character would do anything to obtain? How does he obtain it?
- What is the name and physical description?
Reading gives you inspiration. Refraining from it is writing suicide–it will make your words bland.
How to Use Reading to Improve Your Writing
- Get into the habit of reading. Read often–I would suggest at least 30 minutes a day. Log your progress and give yourself rewards.
- Always carry a book with you. Even if you don’t think you’ll need it. Read on airplanes, long car trips, in the bathroom. Wherever.
- Read the great authors’ works. Shakespeare. Austen. Fitzgerald. Twain. They each have their distinct style. They will teach you something new.
- Analyze the plots, themes, characters. Why did the writer choose a certain twist? How did the writer flesh out the characters?
- Pay attention to the sentence structure, vocabulary words, and literary devices used. How do they enhance the story?
- Read way out of your genre. You write romance? Go read science fiction. There’s a lot you can learn from writers outside of your usual scope.
- Enjoy reading. Don’t just read to become a better writer. Read to enjoy it.